Mapping ENI SPCs migrants in the Euro-Mediterranean region: An inventory of statistical sources
International migration is a key policy concern for Euro-Mediterranean cooperation. Migration and development, especially, is one of the four priority areas of the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM), the overarching framework for the EU external migration policy adopted in 2005 and renewed in 2011. The Mobility Partnerships (MP), bilateral cooperation frameworks under the GAMM have been put in place to enable deeper and tailor-made policy dialogues and operational cooperation on all GAMM areas with partner countries. So far, three MPs have been signed between EU MS and Morocco (2013), as well as Tunisia and Jordan (2014). Migration, its causes and outcomes are also discussed among other “Partnership priorities” between EU MS and Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon and Palestine, in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy.
The Communication ‘Maximising the Development Impact of Migration’ of 21 May 2013 identified proposals on how the EU can adopt a more comprehensive approach in this area, under both the GAMM and the EU’s development policy, the Agenda for Change. It proposed a broadened approach, which gives greater attention to South-South flows, effective integration of migration into national development and poverty reduction plans, as well as migrants’ protection. It also recommended that all policy dialogues on migration and development should be inclusive and involve migrants, among other non-State actors.