Discussions on EU migration and asylum policy ahead of the new pact
2019 was a year of institutional transitions within the EU, as the European Parliament held elec-tions in May and a new European Commission took office in December. On the internal dimension of EU asylum and migration policies, namely the way asylum and mobility are managed within the Union, there was little legislative progress at the EU level. In-stead, there was a distinct proliferation of national and bilateral modes of policy making by member states. At the same time, efforts on the external dimension of migration, including cooperation on migration management with non-EU countries, were notably strengthened. This chapter provides an analytical overview of developments in both areas.