Migration and the EU Global Strategy: Narratives and Dilemmas

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Migration did not figure in the European Security Strategy of 2003. Never
mentioned as a threat, it was not even mentioned as a risk. Thirteen years later,
migration is widely cited in the new European Union Global Strategy. Much richer
than the previous security document and global in aspiration, the Global Strategy
treats migration as a challenge and an opportunity, recognising the key role it plays
in a rapidly changing security landscape. However, this multi-faceted perspective on
migration uncovers starkly different political and normative claims, all of which
legitimate in principle. The different narratives on migration present in the new
strategic document attest to the Union’s comprehensive approach to the issue but
also to critical and possibly competing normative dilemmas.