Study for the “Assessment of the implementation of the Code of Practice on Disinformation” - Final Report

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This Executive Summary presents key findings and the conclusions of the study “Assessment of the implementation of the Code of Practice on Disinformation, SMART 2019/0041”. The study was commissioned by the Directorate-General for
Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CNECT) of the European Commission and it was carried out by VVA Economics & Policy with the support of DisinfoLab.

The overarching study objective is to support the European Commission’s evaluation of the Code of Practice’s effectiveness. The assessment focuses on the 13 current Signatories of the Code of Practice on Disinformation (online platforms and business
associations). The study analyses the standard terms of service and the specific policies and tools adopted by the online platforms to implement the commitments of the Code in the first year of implementation of the Code (October 2018 to October 2019). For this reason, ongoing efforts made by the Signatories to combat disinformation in light of the COVID-19 pandemic are not covered.