Migration patterns

As of 2016, the number of foreign residents in the Metropolitan City of Turin was 221 961. This represents just under 10% of the overall population. The large majority of these foreigners (62%) live in the City of Turin. The number of foreign residents reached a peak in 2010 and has since then declined. This net decline can be explained, in part, due to the economic crisis which started in 2008 and has particularly hit the Piedmont Region, especially since 2011, with disproportionate consequences on migrants’ labour performances.

At the same time, a growing share of immigrant residents are continuing to settle in the local community. Between 2012 and 2015, the applications for Italian citizenship in the urban territory more than doubled to 3 869*. As of 1st January 2016, 40 034 foreign citizens held long - term resident permits. While asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection represent a smaller share of the foreign population, their numbers are rapidly increasing. In 2015, 2 945 people applied for asylum in the metropolitan area of Turin signifying an increase of 150% compared to 2014.

Migrant population

As of 2015, the main countries of origin of the foreign population in Turin were Romania (46%), Morocco (12%), Albania (5%), Peru (5%), China (5%), and Moldova (3%). The phenomenon of family reunifications has balanced the gender ratio over time, and today women are more numerous than men (118 717 female versus 103 244 male foreign residents as of 2015). 37% of the total foreign residents’ age ranges between 25 and 44.

*Unless specified otherwise, data indicated refers to the Metropolitan City of Turin


ICMPD, MC2CM, (2016). City Migration Profile: Turin; Mediterranean City-to-City Migration; Dialogue, Knowledge and Action.

Other Sources

Caponio, T. (2014). Integration Policies for Immigrants of the City of Turin, Italy; KING project in–depth Study, 11.

Citta' di Torino (2019). Osservatorio Interistituzionale sugli stranieri in Provincia di Torino, Il Rapporto 2018.

Eurofound (2012). Ethnic entrepreneurship, Case study: Turin, Italy.


Dinmore, G. (2010). Turin migrants sense shifting mood; Financial Times.

UNICRI (2017). Migrant flower sellers in the City of Turin. 

Caponio, T. and Donatiello, D. (2017). Intercultural policy in times of crisis: theory and practice in the case of Turin, Italy; Comparative Migration Studies, 5(13).


MC2CM Publications
City Migration Profile Executive Summary
City Practice Poster
Attachment Size
City Practice Poster - Turin 6.14 MB
General Overview
Political and Administrative Context

The Metropolitan City of Turin is located in the North-West of Italy, in the Piedmont region, and has competence over an area that comprises the City of Turin (the 4th largest city in Italy) and other 314 municipalities.

City and Migrant Population Data
Total population 2 269 120 (Metropolitan City)
Migrant population 220 403
Year 2018
Source ISTAT
Metadata Here, migrants are defined as foreign residents
City Migration Profile Executive Summary - Turin
Turin Migration Poster